The Superior Court of Arizona in Pinal County is part of the state's only general
jurisdiction court. The Superior Court may hear and decide a large variety of cases
of almost any type except small claims, minor offenses, and violations of city codes
and ordinances. Generally, there are two categories of cases heard in Superior Court:
criminal and civil. Criminal cases involve a person or entity charged with committing,
attempting to commit or engaging in an activity prohibited by law and defined as
a crime. Civil cases include all court cases not defined as criminal. They include
such matters as disputes between citizens involved in contractual agreements and
tort liability, probate matters, divorces, etc. A verbatim record is kept on all
proceedings held in the Superior Court.
The Superior Court has original jurisdiction of cases and proceedings in which exclusive
jurisdiction is not vested by law in another court. The Superior Court is empowered
to hear cases of equity and law involving title to or possession of real property,
or the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, toll, or a municipal ordinance;
civil claims of $5,000 or more; felony prosecutions and misdemeanors not otherwise
provided for by law; forcible entry and detainer actions; proceedings in insolvency;
actions to prevent or abate nuisance; matters of probate; divorce and annulment
of marriage; naturalization and the issuance of papers therefore; and special cases
and proceedings not otherwise provided for by law. Additionally, the Superior Court
is authorized to act as an appellate court, hearing appeals from decisions made
in Justice of the Peace and Municipal Courts.
The Superior Court has exclusive original jurisdiction in all proceedings and matters
affecting dependent, neglected, incorrigible, and delinquent children under eighteen
years old. Through its probation departments, the Superior Court is responsible
for supervising adults and juveniles on probation.
Currently, there are nine divisions (plus an additional pro tem division) of the
Superior Court in Pinal County under the administrative supervision of the Presiding
Judge who is appointed by the Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court. The Superior
Court in Pinal County has an Administrative Director who assists the Presiding Judge
in carrying out administrative duties, such as budget preparation; coordinating
the administrative and management activities of the court, its departments and entities;
directing the non-judicial activities of the court; and coordinating with the Clerk
of the Court to accomplish the prompt and orderly disposition of the court's business.